What is Bhagya Sooktham?
The term ‘Suktam’ refers to a set of mantras or verses appearing in any of the four Vedas. Bhagya Suktam is known so because it mainly addresses the god Bhaga. Lord Bhaga is one of the twelve forms of the Sun (one of the twelve Aadityas, i.e., sons of Aditi). The word Bhaga also means good fortune, luck, and affluence. Hence, Bhaagya Suktam is chanted as a supplication to seek good fortune and prosperity.
Each mantra in the Vedas are connected with a Rishi (seer), a Deva (god), and a Chandas (a poetic meter). Bhaagya Suktam is the 41st suktam in the seventh mandala of the Rig Veda and the rishi associated with the Bhaagya Suktam mantras is Vasishtha Maitraavaruni.
Of the seven mantras in this suktam, five carry specific references to the demi-god Bhaga. The seven slokas of Bhagya Sooktham are set in different poetical meters.
Significance of chanting Bhagya Sooktham
Bhaagya Suktam is called so because it mainly addresses the demi-god Bhaga, who is one of the twelve Aadityas (the twelve forms of the Sun). The word Bhaga also refers to good fortune, luck, luxury, and affluence. Thus, Bhaagya Suktam is chanted as a supplication to seek good fortune and prosperity.
Bhaga is also the deity presiding over marriage. Hence, Bhaagya Suktam is also considered as a chant for a happy marriage. Chanting this hymn in the morning with sincere devotion will make your day fruitful.
Further, Bhaagya Suktam is chanted as part of yagnas or havanas (rituals involving the offering of oblations using fire) to seek the blessings of Bhaga (a representation of the sun god) for prosperity and well-being.
What are the benefits of performing this Bhagya Sooktha
Bhaagya Suktam is recited in the morning. This mantra begins by invoking several deities and seeks benevolence from the principal forces of nature. Thereafter, it goes on to praise god Bhaga, and prays to him for wealth and prosperity, particularly in the form of cattle, horses, and people (means progeny and followers).
Chanting the Bhagya Suktam will attract positivity in all aspects of your life. It will enhance auspiciousness and will ensure harmony in family.
The Bhaaya Suktam Slokam
The transliteration of the seven mantras of Bhaagya Suktam along with their meaning is given below.
praatharagnim praatharindram havaamahe praatharmithraavarunaa praatharashvinaa
praatharbhagham puushanam brahmanaspathim praatah somamutha rudram huvema
We invoke in the morning (at dawn) the gods Agni (fire god), Indra (chief of the gods and also god of rain), Mitra-Varuna (two Aadityas – commonly considered as sun god and god of ocean respectively), the Ashvins (Nasatya and Dasra – the twin gods of health and medicine), Bhaga (deity of good fortune), Puushan (another of the Aadityas, a deity of nourishment), Brahmanaspati (the deity of prayer), Soma (the moon god) and also Rudra (the god of storm).
praatharjitham bhaghamugraṃ huvema vayaṃ puthramaditheryo vidharthaa
aadhrashchidyaṃ manyamaanasthurashchidraajaa chidyaṃ bhaghaṃ bhakshiithyaaha
In the morning, we invoke the victorious and fierce Bhaga, the son of Aditi, the protector – that Bhaga, whom the poor, the proud one and the king, all seek out for.
bhagha pranetharbhagha sathyaraadho bhaghemaam dhiyamudavaa dadannah
bhagha prano janaya gobhirashvairbhagha pranrbhirnrvanthah syaama
Bhaga, the master; Bhaga, who is propitiated by righteousness; may he give us prosperity and superior intellect. O Bhaga, fill our habitat with cattle and horses. O Bhaga, may we be bestowed with men and followers.
uthedaaniiṃ bhagavanthah syaamotha prapithva utha madhye ahnaam
uthodithaa maghavan suuryasya vayaṃ devaanaaṃ sumathau syaama
May we be blessed with glory now (at dawn), during day light and in the afternoon. O Indra (maghavan), even at sunset, may we be looked upon favourably by the gods.
bhagha eva bhagavaanasthu devaasthena vayaṃ bhagavanthah syaama
thaṃ thvaa bhaga sarva ijjohaviithi sa no bhaga puraethaa bhaveha
May Bhaga verily be the source of affluence. O Gods, through him, may we be prosperous. All of us invoke you, O Bhaga. That Bhaga, shall be our advocate.
samadhvaraayoshasonamantha dadhikraaveva shuchaye padaaya
arvaachiinam vasuvidam bhagam no rathamivaashvaa vaajina aa vahanthu
To this religious ceremony (adhvara or yagna) of dawn – to this sanctified place, like dadhikraava (i.e., agni in the form of the divine horse), may the respected ones (gods) bring the hither side wealthy Bhaga to us, like the horse brings the chariot.
ashvaavathiirgomathiirna ushaaso viiravathiih sadamuchchanthu bhadraah
ghrtham duhaanaa vishvathah prapiithaa yuuyam paatha svasthibhih sadaa nah
May the deities of the dawn (who were invoked in the first mantra earlier above) make us blessed with horses, cows, and heroes. Propitiated with ghee and milk from all over, you (deities) protect us always with your blessings.
Chanting of Bhagya Suktam can bless one with success, wealth, and happiness. It will bring you several benefits when chanted regularly. Reciting the suktam can boost victory in competitions and helps you win against enemies. It will also boost your career opportunities.« Maha Mrityunjaya Homam, Mantra, Benefits, and Procedure Rituals and Significance of Aadi Velli 2022 – Pillai Center »