Lakshmi or Maha Lakshmi is the Hindu goddess of wealth. She is one of the important deities of Hinduism and is one of the female trinity goddesses, the other being Saraswathi and Parvati.
Maha Lakshmi is worshipped all over India, particularly by the business community, as she symbolizes fortune and prosperity. She is worshipped in different forms like Ashta Lakshmi, Vara Lakshmi, Sowbaghya Lakshmi, Vaibhava Lakshmi, and many more.
Ashta Lakshmi is a popular form of Lakshmi. The word ‘Ashta’ refers to eight; thus, the term Ashta Lakshmi means Eight Lakshmis. Ashta Lakshmis is represented in eight different forms, and each of the eight Lakshmi bestows a particular form of wealth to the devotee.
Ashta Lakshmi worship has gained huge popularity. Many Stotras and lakshmi moola mantra are praising the eight forms of Goddess Lakshmi.
List of Ashta Lakshmi
The following are the eight forms of Lakshmi who are part of the Ashta Lakshmi.
Let us see about each of the Ashta Lakshmi manifestations in detail.
Adi Lakshmi is the ancient form of Goddess Lakshmi and bestows spiritual wealth. She has four arms, while her upper arms hold a lotus and a white flag; the lower arms display Abhaya mudra and Varada mudra. Adi Laxmi helps a seeker to attain his source, i.e.,’ atman’ or consciousness. Her blessings help an individual to practice meditation successfully and realize the state of absolute bliss.
Dhana Lakshmi is popular among the Eight forms of Lakshmi and is the goddess of wealth. She is Four-armed and wears red garments. She holds Sudarshana Chakra, Conch, Amrita Kalasha (a pitcher containing Amrita – the elixir of life), and displays the Abhaya mudra with gold coins dripping from it. Dhana Lakshmi helps the devotees in their quench for more wealth.
In her manifestation as Dhanya Lakshmi, the goddess is depicted with eight arms carrying two lotuses, mace, paddy crop, sugarcane, bananas, and her two hands showing the Abhaya mudra and Varada mudra. Dhanya Laxmi wears green garments and represents agricultural fertility. Devotees invoke her for the successful cultivation of crops and abundant rainfall.
Gaja Lakshmi blesses with luxury and royalty. Indra, the Hindu demi-god for heaven, got back his lost position and wealth by praying to this form of the goddess. Gaja Lakshmi is also the giver of animal wealth. She has four arms, wears red garments, and is surrounded by two elephants bathing her with water pots. Gaja Lakshmi carries two lotuses in her upper arms and shows Abhaya mudra and Varada mudra in her lower arms.
Santana Lakshmi is the goddess of progeny (bestowing offspring). Santana Lakshmi is six-armed, carrying two kalashas, a sword, shield and shows Abhaya mudra in one hand and holds a child in the other hand. Devotees pray to her to be blessed with good and competent children.
Veera / Dhairya Lakshmi
Veera Lakshmi or Dhairya Lakshmi bestows bravery and courage. During ancient times, the kings worshipped her to gain victory in the battles. Veera Lakshmi gives the courage to face a difficult situation in life. She wears red garments and is eight-armed, carrying a chakra, conch, bow, arrow, sword, palm leaf manuscripts, and shows Abhaya mudra and Varada mudra.
Vijaya / Jaya Lakshmi
Vijaya Lakshmi or Jaya Lakshmi is the goddess for victory in battles. Her blessing helps to overcome the hurdles of life. She is depicted wearing red garments and is eight-armed, carrying the chakra, conch, sword, shield, lotus, pasha, other showing the Abhaya mudra and Varada mudra in her two hands.
Vidya Lakshmi (“Knowledge Lakshmi”) is the goddess and bestower of arts and sciences knowledge. She is dressed in a white saree and has a resemblance to the goddess Saraswati. She holds a book of Vedas, a peacock feather as a pen, Vvarada mudra (hand for bestowing boons), and Abhaya mudra (the hand that signals “Do not fear”)
Benefits of worshipping Ashta Lakshmi
The following are the main benefits of worshipping Ashta Lakshmi
Activities for Ashta Lakshmi Puja
Following is the sequence of activities during the Ashta Lakshmi Puja.
Importance of Ashta Lakshmi
Proper worship and sincere prayers to Ashta Lakshmi will help you to succeed in life. They will act as guardian angels and protect you. Furthermore, each of these Eight Lakshmis’ blesses with a particular type of wealth.
Devotees praying to Ashta Lakshmi are blessed with eight different forms of wealth.