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What is Ganesh Chaturthi?

Ganesh Chaturthi is a famous Hindu festival dedicated to Lord Ganesha, one of the principal Hindu Gods. Hindus living in India and other parts of the world observe this festival with great enthusiasm.

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Ganesh Chaturthi History

Ganesha Chaturthi is the celebration of the birth of Ganpati; his birth and form have an exciting story. It was Goddess Parvathi who created Lord Ganesha using her turmeric paste. At that time, Lord Ganesha was in a complete human form from head to toe.

Goddess Parvathi tasked Ganesha to stand by the gates of her palace and not let anyone in without her consent. With Ganesha guarding by the gates, she went for her bath, and her husband, Lord Shiva, tried to enter the palace. Ganesha stopped Lord Shiva, who became furious at being denied entry into his place, a fiery battle ensued.

At the battle, Lord Shiva himself was taken by surprise at Ganesh’s power; at last, Lord Shiva won the battle, and he beheaded Ganesha. Goddess Parvathi came out and grew furious, knowing about the death of her son. She took the furious form of Maha Kali and was about to destroy the world.

Realizing the gravity of the situation, Lord Maha Vishnu, Lord Brahma intervened, and they requested Lord Shiva to do something. Lord Shiva, too felt sorry for his actions, and he the Shivaganas to bring him the severed head of the first living being they came across. Then, the Shivaganas saw an elephant with one tusk. They explained the situation to the elephant, who happily sacrificed his head for the honor.

The Shivaganas bought the tusker’s head to Lord Shiva, who fixed the head into Ganesh’s body and brought him back to life. When Ganesha woke up to life, Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvathi embraced him and gave several boons to him, and anointed him as the primary God and pronounced that any worship will be complete only when first worship is offered to Lord Ganesh. He was appointed as the head of Shiva’s followers, the Shivaganas, and thus got his name, Ganpati.

Ganesh Chaturthi Importance

Ganesh Chaturthi is an important festival in India. Several factors contribute to its importance.

  • Devotees pray to Lord Ganesh before starting anything auspicious and vital. Ganesh Chaturthi being his major festival, is believed to bring his blessings in full.
  • Ganesha is a benevolent God; his worship is straightforward.
  • Lord Shiva granted a boon to Ganesha that everyone will first worship him, and only then will worship be offered to the other gods.
  • Worshipping Lord Ganpati on Ganesh Chaturthi will satisfy Lord Shiva and Mother Parvathi, his parents, and bring their blessings.
  • The Chaturthi thithi is very auspicious for Lord Ganpati and Ganesh Chaturthi being his birthday is very significant.
  • Worshipping the Lord on Ganesh Chaturthi will bring an end to your life problems.
  • Several devas and Munis who prayed to Lord Ganpati on Ganesh Chaturthi have fulfilled their wishes and received his blessings.
  • Ganesh Chaturthi worship would save devotees from malefic planetary effects.


Rituals of Vinayaka Chaturthi

The Ganesh Chaturthi Puja consists of sixteen rituals popularly known as Ganpati Shodashopachara Puja.

1. Avahana and Pratishthapan

2. Asana Samarpan

3. Padya Samarpan

4. Arghya Samarpan

5. Achamana

6. Snana Mantra

7. Vastra Samarpan and Uttariya Samarpan

8. Yajnopavita Samarpan

9. Gandha

10. Akshata

11. Pushpa Mala, Shami Patra, Durvankura, Sindoor

12. Dhoop Samarpan

13. Deep Samarpan

14. Naivedya and Karodvartan

15. Tambula, Narikela and Dakshina Samarpan

16. Neerajan and Visarjan

Ganesh Chaturthi in the different Indian States

The people of Maharashtra celebrate Ganesh Chaturthi for ten long days, and it is their most important festival. Huge statues of Lord Ganesh are specially erected in temporary tents, and poojas are performed to them. Devotees visit Lord Ganesh in the temples and the temporary tents for darshan and pay their respects. They prepare several delicacies and offer them to the Lord.

Maharashtra is famous for the ‘dhol-tasha’ events happening on the 10th day of Ganesh Chaturthi. During these processions, the Ganesh idols erected in temporary tents are immersed in nearby rivers or seas.

Goa and Delhi closely follow Maharashtra in fervor and pomp displayed during the Ganesh Chaturthi festival. The festival is also grandly observed in Tamil Nadu, Telangana, and Andhra states.

Vinayaka Chaturti

2022 Ganesh Chaturthi Puja Timings

This year the Ganesh Chaturthi festival falls on 31st August 2022. The puja can be conducted in the morning or evening, depending on your family customs and traditions.

Chaturthi Tithi Begins – 03:33 PM on Aug 30, 2022 and Chaturthi Tithi Ends – 03:22 PM on Aug 31, 2022. The auspicious Ganesha Puja Muhurat is between 11:08 AM to 01:36 PM of August 31, 2022.

The Procedure of Ganpati puja

People all over India celebrate Ganesh Chaturthi; the main puja vidhi and procedure of this auspicious festival remain the same; there might be some changes in the puja procedure depending on the traditions and regions. Here we’ll be discussing the standard Ganpati puja procedures followed across the country.

People clean their homes before commencing the Ganpati Puja, and they buy flowers and fruits to decorate and offer to the Lord. It is a common practice to buy Ganesh’s clay idol during Ganesh Chaturthi. Some use the Ganesha portrait instead of an idol.

Devotees prepare delicacies like laddu, modhak, kozhukatti, puttu, sundal, and ellurundai. They light diyas and incense sticks and draw kolams to welcome the Lord. Ganesh stotras, slokas and Ganesh purana are recited.

The idol of Ganesha bought during the festival will be at the devotee’s house from 3 days up to a maximum of 10 days. Then they would be taken out for visarjan (the ceremony of leaving the idol into the seas or waterbodies). Visarjan ceremony signifies the arrival of Ganesha from Kailash to celebrate his birthday with the devotees, stay with them for some days, bless them and then return to his abode to be back next year.

Devotees consider Lord Ganesha as a member of their family and turn emotional during the visarjan ceremony. They bid goodbye to the Lord with a heavy heart and wait eagerly for subsequent year celebrations.

Ganesha Ashtottaram

The Ganesha Ashtottara Shatanamavali is one of the popular stotras written in honour of Lord Ganesh. It contains 108 unique names of Ganesha and chanting this on Ganesh Chaturthi is belived to bestow several benefits.

The 108 names of Ganesha

  1. Om Gajananaya Namah
  2. Om Ganadhyakshaya Namah
  3. Om Vignarajaaya Namah
  4. Om Vinayakaya Namah
  5. Om Dwaimaturaya Namah
  6. Om Dwimukhaya Namah
  7. Om Pramukhaya Namah
  8. Om Sumukhaya Namah
  9. Om Krutine Namah
  10. Om Supradeepaya Namah
  11. Om Sukhanidhaye Namah
  12. Om Suradhyakshaya Namah
  13. Om Surarighnaya Namah
  14. Om Mahaganapathaye Namah
  15. Om Maanyaaya Namah
  16. Om Mahakalaya Namah
  17. Om Mahabhalaya Namah
  18. Om Heyrambaya Namah
  19. Om Lamba-jhataraya Namah
  20. Om Hraswagreevaya Namah
  21. Om Mahodaraya Namah
  22. Om Madothkataya Namah
  23. Om Mahaveeraya Namah
  24. Om Mantrinae Namah
  25. Om Mangala-swaraya Namah
  26. Om Pramadhaya Namah
  27. Om Pradhamaya Namah
  28. Om Praagnaya Namah
  29. Om Vignakarthrey Namah
  30. Om Vignahantrey Namah
  31. Om Viswanethrey Namah
  32. Om Viratpataye Namah
  33. Om Sripathaye Namah
  34. Om Vakpathaye Namah
  35. Om Sringarine Namah
  36. Om Aashritha vatsalaya Namah
  37. Om Shivapriyaya Namah
  38. Om Shegrakarine Namah
  39. Om Shaswataya Namah
  40. Om Balaya Namah
  41. Om Baloothitaya Namah
  42. Om Bhavatmajaya Namah
  43. Om Purana purushaya Namah
  44. Om Puushne Namah
  45. Om Pushkarotshipta vaarine Namah
  46. Om Agraganyaya Namah
  47. Om Agrapujyaya Namah
  48. Om Agragamine Namah
  49. Om Mantrakrite Namah
  50. Om Chameekara prabhaya Namah
  51. Om Sarvaya Namah
  52. Om Sarvopasyaya Namah
  53. Om Sarvakartre Namah
  54. Om Sarvanethre Namah
  55. Om Sarvasiddhi-pradaya Namah
  56. Om Sarva Siddhaye Namah
  57. Om Pancha-hastaya Namah
  58. Om Parvatinandanaya Namah
  59. Om Prabhave Namah
  60. Om Kumara gurave Namah
  61. Om Akshobhyaya Namah
  62. Om Kunjarasura bhamjanaya Namah
  63. Om Pramodaya Namah
  64. Om Modakapriyaya Namah
  65. Om Kanthimatae Namah
  66. Om Dhritimate Namah
  67. Om Kamine Namah
  68. Om Kapithavanapriyaya Namah
  69. Om Brahmacharine Namah
  70. Om Brahmarupine Namah
  71. Om Brahmavidyadi Daanabhuve Namah
  72. Om Jishnave Namah
  73. Om Vishnupriyaya Namah
  74. Om Bhakta jivitaya Namah
  75. Om Jita manmadhaya Namah
  76. Om Aishwarya karanaya Namah
  77. Om Jyayase Namah
  78. Om YakshaKinnera sevitaya Namah
  79. Om Ganga sutaya Namah
  80. Om Ganadhishaya Namah
  81. Om Gambhira Ninadaaya Namah
  82. Om Vatave Namah
  83. Om Abhishta varadayine Namah
  84. Om Jyotishae Namah
  85. Om Bhaktanidhaye Namah
  86. Om Bhava-gamyaya Namah
  87. Om Mangalapradaya Namah
  88. Om Avyaktaya Namah
  89. Om Apraakruta Parakramaya Namah
  90. Om Satyadharmine Namah
  91. Om Sakhaye Namah
  92. Om Sarasambu nidhaye Namah
  93. Om Maheshaya Namah
  94. Om Divyangaya Namah
  95. Om Manikinkini Mekhalaya Namah
  96. Om Samastadevata murtaye Namah
  97. Om Sahishnave Namah
  98. Om Satatotthitaya Namah
  99. Om Vighata karine Namah
  100. Om Viswadgrushae Namah
  101. Om Vishwaraksha krute Namah
  102. Om Kalyana gurave Namah
  103. Om Unmatta veshaya Namah
  104. Om Aparaajithe Namah
  105. Om Samasta Jagadadharaya Namah
  106. Om Sarvaishwarya pradaya Namah
  107. Om Aakranta chidachitprabhave Namah
  108. Om Shri Vigneshwaraya Namah

Ithi Sri Ganesha Ashtottara Shatanamavali Stotram Samaptham

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