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Karthigai Deepam Pooja

Significance of Light

Light is accorded high importance in all faiths and particularly in Hinduism. Hindus follow the custom of lighting lamps during sacred and auspicious occasions. Hindu scriptures hail light as the sign of propitiousness, fortune, auspiciousness, holiness, and abundance.

Light removes the darkness and signifies the victory of good over evil. It is because of light one can see things correctly.

Light and worship

In most Hindu homes and establishments, a lamp is lit daily as a mark of inviting god. The ghee or oil lamps used for pooja purposes are known as Diyas or Dreams.

Ghee and sesame oil is generally ideal for lighting lamps. The light of a ghee lamp is believed to attract positiveness and bring prosperity. Therefore, lighting Deepams is a perfect way to invite Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth, to home. She is believed to be happy by seeing the lit deepams and showers her blessings upon the family, which regularly lights diyas.


Scientific benefits of lighting lamps

The light rays produced by the traditional lamps consist of magnetic energy, and they have the power to alter the air content in the room. In addition, a light of a lamp will generate electromagnetic force that can stay on the skin for three hours. This force shall penetrate the body and boost the functioning of blood cells.

Karthigai Deepam Pooja Procedure

Karthikai Deepam falls on the full moon in the Tamil month of Karthigai (November-December of the Gregorian calendar). The festival is observed for three days; the first day is called Bharani deepam, the second day is Annamalai Deepam, and the third day is Pancharatra deepam.

Below are the procedures for the Karthigai Deepam Pooja.

  • Prepare a naivedhya for the Deepa puja. The neivedhya has to be prepared hygienically and should be made using pure vegetarian items.
  • Use clay lamps to lit at homes. You can also use silver, brass, or copper lamps, but lighting earthen clay lamps during this festival is considered auspicious.
  • Don’t use broken or cracked earthen lamps.
  • If you are using the new Earthen lamps, immerse them in water overnight and later allow them to dry completely.
  • The above step will prevent the new earthen lamps from sucking oil and will also prevent cracking.
  • If you are using old lamps, clean them with water and remove the oil grease.
  • After the lamps have dried, apply turmeric, kumkum on them, put wicks, and arrange the lamps in the pooja room and other parts of your home.
  • While lighting the lamps at the pooja room, recite the shlokas mentioned in the following section.
  • Karthigai Deepam is a festival of lights, so it is good to keep the lamps all over the house, in balconies, compound walls, entrance, steps, terrace, hall, and even in your garden.
  • Usually, ghee, sesame oil, or coconut oil is ideal for lighting lamps, don’t use edible oils.
  • You can also purchase deepam oils that are available in the market. But be sure to check if they are pure and not adulterated.


Deepa Shlokas

You can recite the following Shlokas when you lit the lamps. These shlokas are referred to as “Deepa shlokam,” “Deep Vandana,” or “Deepa Jyoti Mantras.”

Shloka 1:

“Subham Karoti Kalyanam Arogyam Dhana Sampadah

Shatru Buddhi Vinashaya Deepa Jyoti Namostute”


I offer my humble salutations to the One, who is the lamplight bringing auspiciousness; prosperity, good health, fortune, and the destruction of the intellect’s enemy- 6 enemies – Kama, krodha, lobha, moha, mada, and matsarya.

Shloka 2:

“Deepajyothi Parabrahma Deepajyothi Janardhana

Deepo Me Hara Tu Paapam Sandhya Deepa Namostute”


I offer my salutations to the Lord, who is the sustainer of the creation; He is in the form of this light. I salute this light(God); may He destroy afflictions resulting from my omissions and commissions.


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